Today we will talk about the history and origins of the world famous cocktail “Martini”.
Who doesn’t know Martini!! Martini along with mojito and margarita are considered to be the face of classical cocktails. As per IBA, martini should be made with 6 parts of gin and 1 part of dry vermouth, stirred well, and served in a chilled martini cocktail glass, garnished with olive. And martini is a drink which hasn’t undergone any stark transitions over these many years, unlike margarita or mojito.
There are many prevalent theories surrounding the origins of Martini. Martini recipes similar to the official one can be found in various bar-tending recipe books dating back to 19th century.
According to the mostly commonly accepted and published theory, this drink was invented in the town of Martinez, California. As you might have guessed, the drink was created experimentally and served to a rich gold miner since his preferred champagne had ended that night. This experimental drink was made from mixing gin, vermouth, and bitters. It soon become popular and was named as “The Martinez Special”. In sometime, this version of martini found its place in a Bartender’s cocktail recipe book in 1880 and gained much popularity. And as is said, martini was named after the town in which it was invented.
There is another version of the same story in which the town Martinez finds its place but not predominantly. As per this particular theory, San Francisco is the town in which this cocktail was invented. A gold miner was going towards Martinez and requested a drink as a pick-up. There is no clarity as to why the bartender decided to make this mixture but it is said that the original drink requested by miner had ended by then.
Another popularly accepted theory credits a bartender of the famous Knickerbocker hotel of New York with the invention of Martini. As per this drink, the cocktail was named as is since the bartender had used “Martini & Rossi” branded vermouth for creating this concoction.
From the late 19th century to now, Martini has been one of the most famous cocktails in the whole world. Also it is one of those cocktails which is loved in its original form much more than its variations like appletini, peach martini, etc.
That’s it from us about the history of Martini. Stay tuned to know interesting history of many other classical cocktails. We would love to hear your feedback on this.